What is SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS?
- This is a common condition which affects 1-3 % of individuals.
- It causes redness and scaling and flaking in the scalp and sometimes the eyebrows forehead and nose area as well.
- ‘Dandruff’ is a very mild variant with lots of flaking but not much redness.
- It is common and worsens in winter. It can be worsened by diet and emotional stress
What is the cause of SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS?
- A yeast known as Malessezia globosa the cause of seborrheic dermatitis
- Alcohol, diet, changes in humidity and stress can worsen these conditions
- Tell your doctor if you take medications, as some can may flare or induce seborrheic dermatitis. These medications include auranofin, aurothioglucose, buspirone, chlorpromazine, cimetidine, ethionamide, gold, griseofulvin, haloperidol, interferon alfa, lithium, methoxsalen, methyldopa, phenothiazines, psoralens, stanozolol, thiothixene, and trioxsalen
How is the diagnosis made?
- Your health care professional will recognize the features of seborrheic dermatitis
- There is often redness and scaling along the frontal hairline
- Itching is sometime present and excoriated areas may be present
- Beard, eyelashes, eyebrows and moustache may be affected
- The hair may appear dirty/greasy and have an odour
How is SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS treated?
Your doctor will advise how he or she wishes you to use the treatment.
One or more of the following may be prescribed:
Shampoo the scalp 2-3 times per week for 4 weeks and then weekly
- Zinc pyrithione shampoos
- Ketoconazole shampoos
- Ciclopirox shampoos
- Selenium sulfide shampoos
The most important thing to remember about treatment is that seborrheic dermatitis can be a ‘chronic’ condition and the following treatments may be needed periodically for many years.